During Chen's visit in Taipei, he was met with a series of strong protests directed at himself and Ma Ying-jeou, some of which were violent with Molotov cocktails being thrown by the protesters at riot police. A series of arrests were made after the protests. This has been called a "second rail" in Taiwan, and helps to maintain political understanding and aims for political consensus between the two parties.
Launched in by then- Taipei Mayor Hau Lung-pin to promote city-to-city exchanges, it led Shanghai participation in the Taipei International Flora Exposition end of that year. In , the newly elected Taipei Mayor Ko Wen-je attended the forum. A third mode of contact is through private bodies accredited by the respective governments to negotiate on technical and operational aspects of issues between the two sides.
Called the " Macau mode", this avenue of contact was maintained even through the years of the Chen Shui-bian administration. For example, on the issues of opening Taiwan to Chinese tourists, the accredited bodies were tourism industry representative bodies from both sides. According to an opinion poll released by the Mainland Affairs Council taken after the second meeting, In , a poll conducted by the Taiwan Braintrust showed that about 90 percent of the population would identify themselves as Taiwanese rather than Chinese if they were to choose between the two. Also, In , the Sunflower Student Movement broke out.
Citizens occupied the Taiwanese legislature for 23 days, protesting against the government forcing through Cross-Strait Service Trade Agreement without consulting public opinion and without proper legislative supervision. The protesters perceived the trade pact with China would leave Taiwan vulnerable to political pressure from Beijing. In January , the leader of the pro-independence Democratic Progressive Party , Tsai Ing-wen , was elected to the presidency of the Republic of China. Regular weekend direct, cross-strait charter flights between mainland China and Taiwan resumed on 4 July for the first time since Simultaneously, a Taiwan-based China Airlines flight flew to Shanghai.
Currently, 61 mainland Chinese cities are connected with eight airports in Taiwan. The flights operate every day, totaling round-trip flights across the Taiwan Strait per week. Cross-strait investments have greatly increased in recent years. Predominantly, this involves Taiwan-based firms moving to, or collaborating in joint ventures , in Mainland China. The collective body of Taiwanese investors in Mainland China is now a significant economic force for both Mainland China and Taiwan.
Cultural exchanges have increased in frequency. Scholars and academics frequently visit institutions on the other side.
Books published on each side are regularly re-published in the other side, though restrictions on direct imports and the different writing systems between the two sides somewhat impede the exchange of books and ideas. There are regular programs for school students from each side to visit the other. Religious exchange has become frequent. Frequent interactions occur between worshipers of Matsu , and also between Buddhists [ citation needed ]. The Chinese football team Changchun Yatai F. Both sides have provided humanitarian aid to each other on several occasions.
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Most recently, following the Sichuan earthquake , an expert search and rescue team was sent from Taiwan to help rescue survivors in Sichuan. Taiwanese intelligence noted that China has moved amphibious training away from the coast opposite Taiwan, and is instead holding the drills elsewhere. Since , the People's Republic of China has embarked on a massive military build-up. In addition, the United States has indicated that it would supply Taiwan's military with ships and planes, but has not provided significant numbers of either for some years   though Secretary of Defense Robert Gates said in that the United States would reduce arms sales to Taiwan if tensions are eased,  but that this was not a change in American policy.
In , PACCOM commander Willard said that there was a reduced possibility of a cross-strait conflict accompanying greater interaction, though there were no reductions in military spending on either side. In , the United States began increasing military exchanges with Taiwan as well as passing two bills to allow high level visits between government officials. Under the Trump administration , more US military vessels have passed through the Straight than during President Barack Obama 's term, upping the number of for China "provocative actions. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This is the latest accepted revision , reviewed on 26 June Further information: Political status of Taiwan and History of Taiwan since Communist Party.
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